There are approximately 30 types of Human Papilloma Virus that can spread through sexual contact, infecting the genital area such as the anus, cervix, penis, rectum, scrotum, vagina, and vulva. The warts are characterized as skin-colored, cauliflower-like in appearance, and appear in various shapes and sizes.
Genital warts are also called venereal warts and are often hard to detect especially if the warts develop on the inside of the vaginal walls. Routine pap smears can also detect these warts.
This refers to warts that develop in women, affecting their genital area, particularly the vagina.
- Also referred to as genital warts or venereal warts.
- It is caused by particular strains of the Human Papilloma Virus.
- Genital warts are transmitted through sexual contact, but non-sexual contact is possible.
- The size of the warts may differ; it can either be large or small.
- The wart also appears and feels like a hard bump.
- When HPV is contracted, the virus can cause the growth of one wart or several warts.
- Vaginal warts can be detected through pap smears. Routine physical examination may not detect these warts because it can sometimes develop on the inside of vaginal walls.
- Vaginal warts can grow on the cervix, opening of the cervix to the uterus, vulva, as well as the outside and inside of the vagina.
- Complete recovery is possible but for some women, the warts are the start of development of several conditions including cervical cancer, long-term HPV infection, and pre-cancerous abnormal cell changes.
Vagina Warts Symptoms
Common symptoms associated by genital warts, especially in women include:
- Itching or burning sensation.
- Painless growths that may appear initially as tiny, soft pink or red spots.
- Spots that develop into white/gray/yellow bumps.
- Warts that quickly grown into irregularly-shaped cauliflower-like mass.
- Difficulty urinating.
- Localized pain or discomfort.
- Skin changes.
Vagina Warts Treatment
Treatment is available for vaginal warts. However, reinfection is very common due to the increased risk of infection to nearby skin. Several treatment methods exist such as:
- Colposcopy with biopsy.
- Pap smear test.
- Antibiotic cream.
- Cryotherapy or freezing of the wart using liquid nitrogen.
- Electrocautery or burning of the wart using a potent acid.
- Laser surgery uses lasers to destroy warts and wart growths.
- Essential oils.
- Topical solutions.
The treatment of vaginal warts depends on the size of the wart. Prevention is still one of the most successful methods of decreasing the number of vaginal wart occurrence. Some preventive methods include:
- Abstain from sex.
- Cover infected skin.
- Use male latex condoms to prevent transmission.
- Regular pap smear check-ups.
- Practice monogamy. Sexually active individuals with many partners are at a higher risk of developing vaginal warts.