Menstruation usually appears after 28 to 35 days. However it is not the rule, there are many women who have early menstruation, while many others may have delayed periods. Menstrual irregularities have been experienced by every woman at some point in their life, it is common.
It is obvious for you to get worried when you experience period symptoms but no period at times. You may be passing through lot of agony as a result of premenstrual syndrome symptoms such as abdominal cramps, bloating, breast tenderness, mood swing, fatigue and tiredness etc.
Having Menstrual Symptoms But No Period
If you are anxious to know why you have period symptoms but no bleeding, then there are two possibilities that you should be aware of. It is either you are pregnant, or you are just having premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptom. PMS symptoms are psychological and physical symptoms usually experienced before menstruation. The intensity in every woman can vary; it may be mild, moderate or severe.
The symptoms subside within 1 or 2 days after menstrual bleeding occurs. Some common symptoms of PMS include lower abdominal pain, fatigue, tenderness in breast, headache, nausea, bloating of abdomen, mood changes etc. Let us study the reasons that can give rise to period signs without obvious menstrual bleeding.
The first and obvious cause is pregnancy. Most of the PMS symptoms are identical to early pregnancy symptoms. If you are sexually active, especially in the recent past then you have to check your urine sample for pregnancy test, once you miss your period date more than a week.
Causes Of Period Symptoms But No Bleeding
But what if the pregnancy test is negative and still you are complaining of period symptoms and no periods. There are many other reasons associated with such problem. They can be following:
- It can be ovulation symptoms. It is the time when the egg is released from the ovary into the Fallopian tube. During this period there is rise in hormone level estrogen, which may give rise to headache, breast tenderness, nausea, anxiety or depression etc. Ovulation generally occurs two weeks before your period. Keep patience and wait for a week or two for the bleeding to occur. Even than if the period gets delayed, think of possibilities like anemia, stress, obesity, hormonal changes etc.
- Anemia: iron deficiency anemia has been found to be a cause for delay of menstruation in woman. So watch out for anemia. Signs of anemia include pale face, pale nails, pale tongue and conjunctiva. Other symptoms include easy fatigue, breathlessness, desire to eat unwanted things etc.
- Stress: stress has been acknowledged as one of the reason for delay in menses. It can be physical stress such as after doing extensive exercise for athletic meets, or extensive gym workout. Mental stress or emotional stress can also lead to menstrual irregularities.
- Obesity has been associated with delayed and irregular menses. Besides, polycystic conditions mostly in obese women have been associated with menstrual problem.
- Hormonal derangement as it occurs in thyroid diseases can lead to delayed menses.
- If you have recent history of sickness, such as typhoid fever, or any other illness there is possibility of menstrual delay.
Now the question arises what to do when period symptoms are present but there is no menstrual discharge.
Check for pregnancy if you are sexually active. If pregnancy is ruled out, consider other causes. But before that, wait patiently for few days or week as the flow may begin any time.
Stop heavy exercises if that is the cause if you think.
Even after one or two weeks if period does not appear, you have to consult your gynecologist. The doctor may advise you to do certain blood and urine test. If your blood report indicate anemia she may start iron tablets, if thyroid problem is detected she may accordingly start the treatment.