Mood swings always take you by surprise, because they are among the most unpredictable of human actions and reactions. To add to this, periods are a troublesome time for any woman. Her body is at the mercy of her hormones, the levels of which are in a constant state of dynamicity.
Backache, abdominal cramps, pain in the lower limbs, nausea, bloating, breast tenderness and a general feeling of heaviness and swelling are the physical ailments she has to deal with besides the stress of losing blood. To add to this, mood swings can make periods an extremely taxing time for a woman, especially since their severity can neither be foretold nor easily controlled.
Mood swings are sudden and abrupt changes in emotional state that come on without any reasonable explanation. Mood swings are also marked by emotional reactions that are out of proportion to the situation. If a woman reacts excessively to a harmless situation, and her periods are just around the corner or ongoing, you know she is going through a bad bout of mood swings.
What Causes Mood Swings During Menstruation?
Hormones: The hormone Serotonin released by the brain is responsible for fluctuations and sustenance of moods. When the Serotonin level decreases, your mood gets affected negatively, and when Serotonin rises in the brain, your mood improves and you feel happy.
The hormones Estrogen and Progesterone that are responsible for the menstrual cycle also have an effect on the release of Serotonin. During periods, estrogen and progesterone levels are erratic and unsteady, thus causing the serotonin levels to fluctuate and this gives rise to drastic changes in mood.
Stress: This is a rapidly rising factor in causing mood swings, especially in the working woman living in urban areas. The constant exposure to various day-to-day stresses of life, as well as the added physical strain of coping with the effects her periods have on her make her easy prey to suffering from mood swings.
It has also been seen that women who are prone to having emotional outbursts unrelated to hormonal changes, are more susceptible to be having mood swings during periods likewise for women suffering from depression, maniacal episodes or bipolar disorder.
How To Deal With Mood Swings During Period?
Because mood swings during periods are generally caused by imbalance in the hormones, the method of treatment should be directed towards re-establishing the balance. A blend of lifestyle modifications and natural remedies are enough to do the trick.
- The simplest way to minimize mood swings is to regularize lifestyle. The urban woman usually has an erratic daily schedule which can substantially add to her stress and emotional setbacks. Having meals at regular times, sleeping for at least 7 hours and making time for relaxation do wonders in combating mood swings.
- Natural techniques like meditation and yoga help to combat stress and ease the mind, reducing the possibility of drastic mood changes.
- Ditching stimulants like coffee and aerated drinks and restricting tea go a long way in reducing mood swings, because the caffeine present in them has a dirty habit of causing upheavals in mood, especially during periods.
- Taking vitamin E and B6 supplements help to soothe nerves and reduce stress through their anti-oxidant properties. Taking foods rich in essential fatty acids like flax seeds before and during periods help to maintain stable moods and emotions.
- Increasing vitamin C in diet by stepping up consumption of sprouts, lemon juice, citrus fruits and bell peppers improve mood by decreasing stress.
- Any kind of exercise like walking or jogging up the serotonin levels in the brain and keep mood swings at bay.
- Spending time with friends, family and people you like helps to boost good mood by releasing the “happy hormone”, Oxytocin.