Many women spend sleepless nights when they find a lump in their breast. However, Fibroadenoma is a non cancerous breast tumor found in many young women, and it should not cause any fear. Statistical data suggests fibroadenoma mostly develops in women during their reproductive age, especially in young women between the age of 18 and 30 years.
This non cancerous breast lump can be solitary or there may be several small lumps at the same time. In many cases both breasts are affected. On examination, fibroadenomatous lump is smooth, rubbery or hard to feel.
Usually a fibfroadenoma is marble sized lump. It may enlarge in size when a woman becomes pregnant or during menstruation or during lactation period. Fibroadenoma are more common in women with dark skin than their fairer counterparts. Though the exact cause for development of fibroadenoma is not known, most clinicians attribute it to hormonal changes that occur during puberty, menses and pregnancy.
Typically this benign lump shrinks during or after menopause period. Even if it is a harmless lump, regular follow up with the doctor is necessary to detect any enlargement.
Symptoms Of Fibroadenoma Breast Lump
The most characteristic features of fibroadenoma are:
- The lump moves easily under the breast skin when palpated, therefore it is also referred as ‘breast mouse’.
- The margin of this non cancerous lump is sharp and distinct.
- It feels firm and rubbery during examination.
- They are smooth.
- The lump is painless.
These four characteristic symptoms help the physician to clinch the diagnosis of fibroadenoma.
In most cases there is a unilateral solitary fibroadenoma in breast. But bilateral lumps are not ruled out and they may be present in some cases.
It may feel like a marble when palpated with an average diameter of 2 – 3 centimeters. During pregnancy and menstruation they may increase in size. And after menopause or during the perimenopause period they start shrinking.
What Causes Breast Fibroadenoma?
The exact cause of fibroadenoma yet remains obscure. However, many theories have been put forth. Hormonal change, especially estrogen hormone is supposed to have influence in development of fibroadenoma. It is for this reason fibroadenoma are frequently seen during reproductive age of women.
It increases in size during pregnancy, menses, or if the woman is taking estrogen therapy. This benign lump reduces in size after menopause when the estrogen activities ebb.
Treatment And Home Remedies For Fibroadenoma
Fibroadenoma of breast in most cases do not require any treatment. However, before coming to the conclusion, it is always necessary to confirm the diagnosis with the help of your health care provider. He may suggest some tests which may assist in diagnosis of fibroadenoma. These tests include Mammography, breast ultrasound and needle biopsy.
Even if the entire tests are negative for breast cancer, there are some women who may opt for surgical removal of fibroadenoma. In such cases the surgeon may perform lumpectomy or excision biopsy and send the tissue in the laboratory to check whether the growth is cancerous.
Since this growth is noncancerous, many women may opt for natural home remedies to control the problem. Here are some popular home remedies used for fibroadenoma of breast.
- Massage the breast with castor oil or place a clean cloth soaked in castor oil over the affected area of breast for half hour.
- Ginger tea sponging: though fibroadenoma are painless, in some cases they can cause tenderness and pain. In such cases sponging the area with ginger tea is beneficial. Dip a clean cloth in warm ginger tea and place it over the breast for half hour. Do this at least three times in a day when there is pain and discomfort.
- Drinking ginger tea is also beneficial for reducing the size of fibroadenoma.
- Eat flax seeds and increase the intake of fish oil since both contain omega 3 fatty acids which help in controlling fibroadenoma.
- Include vitamin E containing foods in your diet or take vitamin E capsules as prescribed by your doctor. It is known to reduce the estrogen level in your body.