Causes Of Depression During Menstruation: Symptoms & Treatment

Before or around the start of menstrual cycle, lot of women suffer from Pre Menstrual Syndrome (PMS). However some women suffer from extensive mood swing symptoms and emotional breakdown and such women are said to be suffering from Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Women in menstrual cycle are likely to suffer from acute mood symptoms that include depression.

PMDD can give rise to clinical depression before one or two weeks of menstruation, or even during the menstrual cycle. Depression can cause irritability, anxiety or mood swings which can create problems in relationships or in normal day to day life.

As per the studies, the depression symptoms get worsened around five to ten days before menstruation. The symptoms of PMDD are much severe than that of PMS. Women suffering from this ailment usually get under severe depression due to hormonal changes in the body around the menstrual cycle.

The exact causes of the depression in women in menstrual cycle are unknown; however the major cause lies in the hormonal changes during menstruation. The changes in the hormones levels which may rise or fall in menstrual cycle, affect the woman’s emotional and physical state.

If a woman already suffers from depression, she may likely suffer severe depression symptoms before and during the periods.

Depression Symptoms During Menstrual Cycle

The symptoms of PMS and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder are generally common, however the symptoms experienced in PMDD are more severe compared to PMS. Both surely include mood related/ emotional symptoms. The most common sign is feeling depressed few days prior and during the menstrual cycle.

The symptoms of depression related to PMDD are as listed below.

  • Feeling tensed and anxious all the time.
  • Tiredness and fatigue.
  • Low energy levels.
  • Feeling of helplessness, out of control.
  • Feeling emotionally weak, frequent break downs.
  • Lack of interest in daily chores of activities, feeling the strain in relationships.
  • Uncontrollable anger and irritation with things and people around.
  • Feeling of sadness, hopelessness.
  • Sudden bouts of food cravings.
  • Sudden bout of suicidal thoughts.
  • Trouble in focusing or concentrating.
  • Disturbed sleep or lack of sleep.
  • Sudden panic attacks.
  • Physical symptoms like pain in abdomen, breast tenderness, joint pains, body ache, headache.

Treatment For Depression During Menstruation

Depression during menstruation can be dealt in a number of ways. However it is very necessary to check with the doctor if the depression is only related to PMDD or if it is other type of depression. If the depression is severe, the doctor may prescribe an antidepressant.

The ways to deal with this depression are listed as below.

  • Psychotherapy and counseling.
  • Diary records of emotional experiences.
  • Meditation, Yoga and prayers.
  • Practicing the art of dwelling in positive thoughts.
  • Not to get carried away by small issues.
  • Practice of letting go of things.
  • Exercise, work out or outdoor activity.
  • Minimizing intake of tea or coffee.
  • Maintain the right sugar levels in the body.
  • Eating nutrition rich food.
  • Consuming ample fluids.

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