Slow menstrual bleeding or hypomenorrhea is characterized by either scanty bleeding during menstrual periods or short duration of periods. Under normal conditions, a female may bleed for about four to five days, with the quantity of bleeding reducing towards the fourth and the fifth day. However there can be certain causative factors which may contribute to periods shorter than three days or associated with very scanty bleeding.
What is Called Slow Menstrual Bleeding?
A female, within the reproductive age group, bleeds each month, as a result of hormonal changes taking place in the body.
Though it may be very difficult to judge if one suffers from slow menstrual bleeding, females having periods that are shorter than three days or are associated with minimal bleeding, in the form of spotting, can be considered to be suffering from hypomenorrhea.
What Causes slow Menstrual Bleeding?
There are a wide range of causes that can contribute to slow, scanty or short menstrual bleeding,
- Genetics plays a crucial role in slow menstrual bleeding. It is commonly observed among daughters, sisters and close cousins.
- Use of hormonal contraceptives or intrauterine contraceptive devices can be associated with slow menstrual bleeding. Though this is not a common feature, it is considered to be one of the side effects.
- Menopause or peri-menopause is also considered to alter the pattern of bleeding and contribute to slow menstrual bleeding.
- Other disorders that can cause slow menstrual bleeding include the asherman’s syndrome and polycystic ovarian disease.
- Obesity or low body weight can both contribute to slow menstrual bleeding.
- Nutritional deficiencies like anemia or vitamin deficiency can also lead to slow menstrual bleeding.
Home Remedies for Slow Menstrual Bleeding
Not all cases of slow menstrual bleeding need to be treated. However if slow menstrual bleeding contributes to infertility or is associated with obesity or weight gain, treatment may be required. Blood tests, sonogram and D&C may be performed in order to identify the exact cause of slow menstrual bleeding. The home remedies and treatment would vary depending upon the cause; however some of the recommended home based treatment options include the following,
- Include green leafy vegetables and dried nuts like cashew, almonds, etc in your diet. These will help in treatment of anemia or other deficiency disorders contributing the slow menstrual bleeding
- Avoid using hormonal contraceptives for too long. Understand the options of natural contraception from your gynecologist or family planning advisor.
- Try to lose weight. Include foods that are high in dietary fiber like oats, whole grain, bran, etc in your diet. This will help lose weight quickly.
- Homeopathic drugs like pulsatilla and sepia are considered very useful in management of slow menstrual periods.