What Are The Causes Of Skin Discoloration? How To Treat It?

The normal tone of the skin is attributed to the genetic constitution of an individual. Discoloration of the skin refers to a condition which is characterized by alteration in the normal pigmentation of the skin. Skin tone differs according to race ranging from fair skinned to dark skinned people. While there are several factors responsible for discoloration of the skin, fungal infection is considered to be the most common cause for darkening of the normal tone of the skin. This article provides information about the various causes, symptoms and the natural treatment options for the management of skin discoloration.

The normal pigmentation of the skin is attributed to the presence of melanin within the skin. Though melanin is responsible for dark pigmentation, it is present in all individuals (i.e. in lower concentration in fair skinned people and in very high concentration in dark skinned people). While melanin is primarily responsible for the color of the skin, there are a host of factors that can alter this normal pigmentation making the skin look different.

The most common complaints associated with skin discoloration includes either darkening of the skin or presence of whitish spots (lightening) on the skin.

What Causes Discoloration Of Skin?

There are a host of causes associated with discoloration of the skin,

  • Darkening of the skin may be associated with tanning of the skin due to exposure to sun, dermatitis, skin infection.
  • Lightening of the skin (white spots) may be associated with fungal infections.
  • Autoimmune disorders like vitiligo, psoriasis, etc can also lead to skin discoloration. These conditions are induced due to stress and some form of genetic predisposition.

Other forms of skin discoloration include pale (observed in anemic individuals), blue (indicative of cyanosis), red (throbbing or inflammation) and yellow (associated with jaundice.

Most of the other forms of skin discoloration are not directly related to skin ailments and associated with an underlying ailment. Treatment of the underlying ailment can help in normalizing the skin color.

Treatment For Skin Discoloration

Not all forms of skin discolorations may be treatable at home; however here are some simple tips that can be useful to treat dark and light pigmentation of the skin,

  • Local application of walnut oil or avocado oil is considered to be beneficial. Both these oils contain vitamin E which helps melanin to be redistributed uniformly under the skin and can be very useful in treatment of dark discoloration.
  • Local application of tea tree oil or paste of turmeric is useful in management of light spots caused due to fungal infection. Both are very good anti-microbial agents and considered very useful in treatment of the condition.
  • A healthy diet containing vitamin A, proteins and other micro-nutrients is vital in ensuring a healthy colored skin.
  • Avoid using deodorants, perfumes, etc directly on the skin, as these products are known to increase the production of melanin and cause dark pigmentation of the skin.

Managing stress is also very useful to deal with a host of autoimmune disorders. Homeopathic medications are considered very vital in treatment of most of the chronic forms of skin discoloration.

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