How To Protect Yourself From The Sun: Effects Of Overexposure To Sun

It can be fun to spend all day long by the pool or on the beach, no sooner the spring is over and summer is in full swing. People seem to be tempted by the warmth of the sun rays to tan their skin. In many parts of the world, summer is the time to enjoy picnicking and frolicking outdoors.

However the effects of sun rays on your skin should be kept in mind before venturing out on a full sunny day. You may be exposed to ultraviolet rays of the sun that may be harmful if your body is exposed to sun for long time.

Sunburn, irritation on the skin can be dampening factor in your enjoyment.

Any part of your body, especially the face, neck, arms, shoulders can develop sunburn, if your skin comes in direct contact with the sun rays. Besides sunburn is a short term side effect of exposure to strong sun rays and continuous long term exposure to strong ultraviolet rays of the sun can be a risk factor for developing skin cancer.

But do not worry, here are few tips that can prevent ruining your holiday and at the same time protect you from the damaging effect of the ultraviolet rays on your skin.

Health Effects Of Overexposure To The Sun

Let us take a glimpse about some of the facts surrounding sun exposure before discussing preventive measures:

  • Any change in your skin color after exposure to the sun is considered to be a damage caused to your skin by exposure to sun rays. If the color of the skin is deeply tanned, more is the damage.
  • Besides the fair skinned, a person with any other skin color is susceptible to develop skin cancer after sun exposure.
  • Regular exposure to sun for long time can be a factor for developing cataract in young age.
    It can also damage your retina in a long run.
  • Premature wrinkling and lines on your face in most cases is due to over exposure to sun for a long duration.
  • The ultraviolet rays emanating from the sun are most hazardous from 10 am to 4 pm. In some parts of North America ultraviolet rays are greatest in early summer and late spring.

Tips To Protect Yourself From The Sun Rays

Let us understand how to take full benefit of sun and prevent its side effect at the same time.

  • Clothing: wear full sleeve shirt and long pants to cover your whole body. Be sure to wear lose fitting clothes that are tightly woven. It prevents most of the harmful UVA and UVB from entering through the garment.
  • Sunscreen: apply a good quality sunscreen lotion on your body at least half hour before you go out in sun. Apply a thick layer on the exposed parts of the body. Purchase sunscreen that has at least 15 SPF (SPF is sun protection factor; it determines the efficacy of the lotion to protect the skin against the harmful UV rays, higher the number more better it is). Sunscreen lotion helps to scatter and reflect the ultraviolet rays instead of getting absorbed by the skin.
  • Umbrella: whenever you go out in the strong sun, walk with an open umbrella to protect from the sunlight.
  • Prefer a shady place such as under a tree or under an umbrella when you are on a beach or on pool side.
  • Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from damaging UV rays of the sun. Wear sunglasses that block both UVA and UVB rays. Choose frames that fit closely to your face, as it will protect the skin around your eyes.
  • Keep yourself well hydrated by drinking enough water when going out in sun.

Protecting Children From Sunburn

In order to protect kids from the bad effects of sun rays and sunburn follow the following tips:

  • Make sure that your children wear full sleeves shirt and pants while going out in the sun.
  • As far as possible do not allow your child to play in strong sunlight, between 10 am to 4 pm.
  • Kids should wear caps and hats to cover their head. Choose a hat that also protects his neck and face and earlobes from the sunlight.
  • Protect the kid’s eyes from sunlight. Let them wear sunglasses that can block ultraviolet rays from sunlight.
  • Tell him to drink enough water to prevent dehydration when he is playing out in sun.

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