Though pregnancy is one of the best phases of a woman’s life, the experience can be different if it is an unwanted pregnancy caused due to unsafe sex or malfunctioning of the contraceptives. There are instances in which ignorance of the couples or accidental ejaculation leads to pregnancy.
Some women get pregnant even after using contraceptive, especially if they fail to take the pill on time or there is any leakage in the condom. Therefore, to prevent unwanted pregnancy, it is important to be familiar with the different contraception methods available and the ways of using an emergency contraceptive if the primary method has failed.
Contraceptives are available for men as well as women and the best part is that they do not have any health risk or does entailing on compromising on the sexual pleasure. By using contraception, women can determine their pregnancy as per wish and also avoid the traumatic experience of unwanted pregnancies.
Contraceptives can be temporary and permanent, depending on the preference of users. To stay safe from unwanted pregnancies, it is better to know about the options available.
Different Types Of Contraceptives For Females
- Diaphragm is a popular way of preventing unwanted pregnancies. It comes with rubber disk and flexible rim, which keeps the cervix, covered preventing the fertilization of eggs. Yet, it needs to be used along with spermicide. Diaphragm has to be sized by health professionals and should be left in its place for minimum six hours from the time of last intercourse. However, it should not be retained for more than 24 hours.
- IUD is also a popular contraception method used by many women. It is a T-shaped device that is inserted into the uterus of women by doctors or healthcare professionals. IUD can be in place for 3-10 years and has the lowest rate of failure. There is generally no side-effect of IUD, except in some cases, women may feel cramping or abnormal bleeding for the first few days after insertion.
- Oral contraceptives are also a great way of protecting against unwanted pregnancies. These are generally a combination of progestin and estrogen, which works by preventing ovulation. Some women may get side-effects of these pills like, depression, irregular bleeding, weight gain, breast tenderness, headache and nausea.
- Depo-Provera contraceptive injection is also used by many women once in every three months to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Yet, it can change menstruation cycle or even can disrupt menstruation completely.
- Female sterilization is a permanent method of preventing pregnancies and the tubes are ligated surgically so that the egg cells never interact with sperm cells.
- If a woman already had an unprotected sex, she can opt for the emergency contraceptive pills available in the market. Taking the pills within 72 hours of the pregnancy can help in preventing unplanned motherhood.
Contraceptive Methods For Males
- Latex condoms are among the most popular choice of contraceptive in men. This has to be changed after every intercourse and generally does not have any adverse effects. It can also help in preventing sexually transmitted diseases.
- Male sterilization, which is also called vasectomy, is a permanent method of preventing pregnancy. Local anesthesia is used while performing the operation and there are little complications after the surgery. After this operation, the sperm cells are absorbed by the body but that does not affect erection or ejaculation.
The above mentioned methods are tested by healthcare professionals and are completely safe. Any of these can help to check unwanted pregnancies.