Fever blisters are caused by herpes simplex virus. They may last up to ten days. It is a painful condition. Blisters may appear on gums, lips, around mouth, nose, cheeks or fingers. Fever blisters are also known as cold sores.
Many pregnant ladies have history of exposure to herpes simplex virus. Around two percent pregnant women acquire this infection during pregnancy.
Fever blisters are caused due to infection with herpes simplex virus. There are two types of herpes simplex virus, HSV 1 and HSV 2. This infection spreads through direct contact with the infected person.
Virus enters the body through broken skin. Pregnant women can easily get the infection due to stress and fatigue of pregnancy and also due to low immunity.
Signs And Symptoms Of Fever Blisters
Some of the common signs and symptoms of fever blisters are:
- Tingling, itching is felt around mouth before the appearance of blisters.
- Area around blister appears red.
- Blisters are often painful.
- Fever and chills may be associated with blisters.
- Enlarged lymph glands in neck may be noticed.
- After few days blisters break open and clear fluid leaks from it. Then crust is formed. Within ten days blisters disappear.
- Sometimes in pregnancy swelling of oral mucosa delays the healing of blisters.
Foetus can get this infection from mother and it may lead to disability or death of foetus. This infection can cause serious brain damage in foetus.
Home Remedies To Cure & Prevent Fever Blisters In Pregnancy
Treatment is started promptly in pregnancy as soon as one notices the symptoms of fever blister. Medication may be given to reduce pain. Local application of ointments or creams is considered to reduce intensity of symptoms.
- Local application of calamine lotion helps. If necessary antiviral medication may be taken after consulting your doctor.
- Avoid coming in contact with the infected person.
- Do not kiss the affected partner.
- Do not share affected partner’s utensils or food.
- Avoid oral sex or normal intercourse during third trimester of pregnancy with affected partner. Affected partner must take necessary treatment to avoid transmission during pregnancy.
- To improve immunity one must take balanced diet, rich in vitamins and minerals. Diet rich in protein will help to repair cell damage. Vitamin C will guard you from viral infection. Include citrus fruits such as gooseberry, lemon and orange in your diet. Drink plenty of water.
- Fever blisters are aggravated by exposure to sunlight. Avoid long exposure to sun rays. Use sunscreen lotion before stepping out in the sun.
- Local application of pure aloe vera gel may help.
- If you are suffering from fever blisters, do not touch your sores. This will prevent it from spreading to other body parts. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water.
- Apply ice on the blister as soon as you notice tingling pain on lips. It may prevent blister formation.
- Avoid getting stressed. Practice relaxation techniques.