Large tongue is a medical condition in which the entire tongue or a part of it gets abnormally inflamed, swollen and enlarged. Sometimes a partially swollen tongue works as a defense mechanism and helps in fighting various infections. But the condition becomes alarming when swelling persists for long and is accompanied with other complications.
Difficulties associated with the large tongue disease can vary sharply depending on the underlying causes. Some causes might be comparatively mild whereas other causes might be as serious as life-threatening. Medical history shows adults are more prone to this disease than the children.
Symptoms Of Large Tongue Disease
A mild form of large tongue disease usually shows symptoms of puffiness and excessive swelling of the tongue, abdominal cramps, mild diarrhea, sneezing and running nose. The patient also faces difficulty in swallowing food in mild condition of the disease.
Sometimes large tongue or bloated tongue disease indicates a life-threatening condition known as anaphylactic reaction. If a patient is afflicted with this condition, he is likely to get anaphylactic shock that may lead to death.
This is the worst form of large tongue disease and is marked by symptoms such as bluish lips and fingernails, sudden fits of unconsciousness, difficulty in chewing, emitting cough with blood, and swelling around lips and eyes.
Other noticeable symptoms may include rashes, itching in mouth or throat, extreme distress, difficulty in breathing accompanied with a feeling of choking and wheezing, low blood pressure and vomiting. Sometimes, the condition may lead to respiratory distress and may require immediate medical attention.
Causes Of Large Tongue Syndrome
Large tongue disease can be triggered by inflammation, allergy, infection, trauma, malignancy and genetic disorders. A chronic form of the disease can be due to oral cancer, sarcoma, acromegaly or Down syndrome.
If your tongue swells up more often, chances are high that you are afflicted with anaphylactic reaction, a grievous form of the disease accompanied with symptoms like rapid breathing and hives.
Triggers of some other forms of the large tongue disease include tongue sores caused by virus, strep infections, deficiency of vitamin D, leukaemia, rhabdomyolysis (collapse of skeletal muscle tissues) amyloidosis and hypothyroidism. Sometimes excessive smoking and can also lead to this condition.
Treatment Options For Large Tongue
Treatment procedure of large tongue usually begins with diagnosing the underlying causes. A condition of large or swollen tongue caused by deficiency of vitamin D or iron can effectively be treated by prescribed supplements.
Likewise, symptoms caused by excessive smoking or alcoholism can successfully be treated by a change in lifestyle such as quitting smoking or alcohol addiction.
If the affliction is the result of a mild swelling and casual inflammation, there is no need to worry. You can take care of the condition by yourself and cure it with the help of some home remedies.
Include large amount of butter, yoghurt and various soups in your regular diet. You can also relax your tongue by putting some ice-cubes in your mouth. It would help reduce the swelling of the tongue. You can also relieve the swelling of your tongue by gargling with a solution of turmeric and warm water.
In case the swelling and inflammation reach the air-passage, don’t rely on home remedies and seek immediate medical attention.