Cracked Tooth Syndrome
Cracked tooth syndrome is one of the most common mouth problems that are experienced by people worldwide yet is also one of the most difficult to diagnose. The reason for the difficulty in diagnosis is that the cracks could be very fine so that they are not even detected on the most sensitive x-rays. Some of the cracks might even run up to the pulp although these are often just up to the dentin.
To understand cracked tooth syndrome better, it is good to know more about the types or classifications of this condition.
- Oblique supragingival fracture. This is a fracture that affects the topmost portions of the tooth, often just affecting the enamel. Because of that, the patient does not usually notice that anything is amiss. There would also be no pain even if a portion of that fracture breaks off.
- Oblique subgingival fracture. This is a fracture affects the portions down the gum line and even to the jawbone.
- Oblique root fracture. This is a fracture below the gum line, with no crack in the crown.
- Vertical root fracture. This fracture affects the root, with a portion breaking off.
- Vertical apical root fracture. This fracture splits the root into two.
- Vertical furcation fracture. This fracture splits the tooth into two.
Cracked Tooth Symptoms
The symptoms of this ailment will depend upon what type of problem is affecting the patient. Still, the following are common symptoms in most of these types:
- Pain in the affected area which could radiate to the other parts of the head.
- This pain if often felt when pressure is applied on the affected tooth.
- This pain can range from mild to extreme, depending on how much of the tooth was damaged as well as the extent of nerve damage.
- Cracks on the tooth.
- These cracks may or may not be visible in x-ray images.
Cracked Tooth Treatment Options
The following are the treatment options that patients who have cracked tooth syndrome may have to undergo:
- A crack can be repaired with filling materials.
- If pieces of the tooth had fallen off, a dental crown may be used to cover the enamel to ensure that further damage is prevented.
- Stabilization can be used to support the roots of the affected tooth.
- Often, the dentist will recommend root canal if the tooth is still good enough to salvage but some nerves are already damaged.