Sinus Infection Home Remedies: What Are Its Causes And Symptoms?

The human skull contains various sinuses, which are hollow air filled cavities located between the nasal passage and the nostrils. Normally these sinuses help to reduce the weight of the skull bone and allow your voice to resonate within. However, these sinuses may often get congested due to sinus infections resulting in symptoms like headache and fever.

Estimates suggest that annually about 29 million adults are diagnosed of sinus infection in the United States alone and contribute to over 12 million visits to healthcare practitioners. This article provides relevant information about sinus infections and the natural treatment options to manage the condition.

Sinus also referred to as para-nasal sinuses are hollow air-filled cavities within the skull bone. These sinuses communicate between the nostrils and the air passages. There are four sinuses in the skull namely the frontal sinus, maxillary sinus, ethmoid sinus and sphenoid sinus. Sinus infection also referred to as ‘sinus’ can be associated with congestion and inflammation of these cavities.

What Causes A Sinus Infection?

There are a host of factors that are responsible for sinus infections. Some of the more frequently observed causes for sinus infection include,

  • Allergens like pollutants, pollen, dust, etc can result in inflammation of the internal linings of the sinuses resulting in congestion and obstruction of the sinuses. This condition is usually acute, but if it persists longer can lead to viral infection.
  • Bacteria are the common cause for sinus infection and are usually associated with congestion and obstruction of the sinuses. The common bacteria include streptococci, H. influenza and M. catarrhalis. Bacterial infection is often associated with chronic sinus infection.
  • Certain fungus can also lead to sinus infection, especially in immune compromised individuals with diabetes, AIDS and leukemia.

Symptoms Of Sinus

While the combination and intensity of symptoms may differ in cases of acute and chronic sinus infection, the manifestation usually remains the same.

Here are some of the common symptoms associated with sinus infections,

  • Nasal congestion with discharge from the nose. Some patient may complain of post nasal drip, which may be associated with intermittent episodes of coughing, especially aggravated when lying down.
  • Sensation of pressure in the inner part of the eyes. Headache in the temples is very common and the pain usually worsens with mental exertion or movement.
  • Some patients may complain of burning and redness in the eyes. Tenderness of cheekbones is common in cases of maxillary sinus infection.
  • Systemic symptoms like fever, malaise and tiredness are also observed.

Natural Remedies For Sinus Infection

The key treatment modalities for the management of sinus infection include,

  • Steam inhalation for about 10 minutes three times a day is very useful. Steam inhalation helps decongest the sinuses and alleviates the symptoms.
  • Homeopathic drugs like Kali Bi and Ars Alb are very useful in treatment of sinus infection. Kali Bi is very useful for frontal sinus infection, while Ars Alb can be used for maxillary sinus infection.
  • Increase the intake of citrus fruits and vitamin C supplements. Vitamin C plays a crucial role in strengthening the immune system and thereby contributes towards hastening the recovery.

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