Seasonal flu or influenza as it is commonly referred by medical practitioners is a contagious virus disease that affects your respiratory system. It occurs in epidemics and occasionally pandemic, often explosive in nature. Seasonal flu is generally a mild disease, but in certain immune compromised individuals, it can lead to complications. Young children, elderly individuals, people suffering from chronic respiratory, cardiac and renal disease, are at greater risk of suffering from the complications of seasonal flu.
Annual flu vaccination is the best way to prevent seasonal flu. A person can contract the infection all year round, however epidemics are more common during winter and for this reason influenza is commonly known as ‘seasonal flu’.
There are two types of influenza virus that are responsible for the spread of seasonal flu, influenza type A and influenza type B, both this virus are known to mutate, this makes it difficult to achieve complete success against influenza virus. Most often the spread of influenza virus is through droplets in the air. When a person suffering from seasonal flu infection sneezes, coughs, laughs or talks, the droplets spread in the air. These droplets can land on the mouth or nose of many people who are in his close vicinity.
The disease can also spread when you touch objects such as door knobs, handles, towels that are recently used by infected person. Influenza virus becomes contagious as soon as it enters in a person and remains infectious for a week till the symptoms heal.
Symptoms Of Seasonal Flu
Flu symptoms can make you so much exhausted that you need to take rest in your bed till the time you feel better.
The illness starts suddenly with malaise, headache, pain in the back and limbs. Fever sets in within a day. Fever is usually 39 degree centigrade (102 degree F). Fever remains for 2 to 3 days. Fever is accompanied with chills and shivering but seldom with rigors.
The symptoms of seasonal flu are at its peak in first three days. They generally ebb after fourth day and at the end of a week you may feel much better. However, dry cough can prolong for few more days, same way, you may feel still tired for 10 to 15 days after the acute symptoms have completely disappeared.
Some of the complications of seasonal flu are; bacterial pneumonia, sinusitis, ear infection and discharge, worsening of the present chronic illness, asthma, etc.
Home Remedies For Seasonal Influenza
Modern day medicines are yet to find a way to conquer the exhausting seasonal flu virus disease. However, vaccination has helped to prevent the infection in masses.
If you are otherwise healthy and fit and you have a mild symptoms of seasonal flu, what you require is rest, plenty of fluids and warmth. There are certain home remedies and herbs that work efficiently in treating the symptoms of seasonal flu, especially if you are over 60 years, if you are pregnant, if you have weak immune system and chronic illnesses.
- Eat foods that are rich in vitamin C. It helps to boost your immune system and strengthen the mechanism in the body to fight the germs. Oranges, lemon, green leafy vegetables etc. are rich source of vitamins.
- Zinc supplements also help to improve and shorten the period of illness.
- Certain homeopathic medications such as Bryonia, Eupatorium perfoliatum, Influenzinum, arsenic alb are useful in treating the ailment.
- Warm water with honey, one tsp of lemon juice, and basil leaf juice is also effective.
- Garlic is useful to kill the virus. You can take one clove of garlic with water early in the morning and one at night.
- Tea prepared with grated 1 tsp of ginger root, ½ tsp of bayberry bark, ¼ tsp of pepper is also effective in treating the cough, cold and fever of seasonal flu.