Fungi are tiny microscopic heterotrophic organisms, meaning they cannot synthesize their own food and depend on the host for nutrition. In a way they are parasites or commensals. They can be contaminants, opportunistic invaders or true pathogens. They can affect any part of body and produce harmful effects by producing mycotoxin, by evoking allergic reactions or by direct tissue invasion.
Scalp fungal infection is relatively common in hot and humid environment. Medically the condition is also called tinea capitis or scalp ringworm. Tinea capitis usually occurs over the scalp of children, however in some cases it also affects adults.
Scalp fungus infection is contagious infection and it can spread by direct contact with the infected person or by sharing caps and combs of an infected person. The fungus has ability to survive for many days on the comb or other objects where it gets settled. Scalp fungus can produce inflammation of scalp, bumps and scaly patches. Hairs within the patch are fragile and lusterless. Scalp fungus infection can cause hair loss.
Scalp Fungal Infection Symptoms
- Itching of scalp is prime symptom of tinea capitis.
- In the beginning, a small patch of scalp is involved, but as days passes the infection spreads all over the scalp.
- There is hair loss in the area of infection and the patch appears bald.
- You can see integuments of broken hairs on the bald patch.
- The patch becomes sore, red and inflamed.
- The border of bald round patch is well defined from the surrounding non infected scalp skin.
- Tiny bumps filled with pus may appear on the lesion, if it has secondary bacterial infection.
- As a result the lymph nodes in the neck may become larger in size and sometime painful and tender on touch.
- If there is secondary bacterial infection, the child may suffer from mild fever.
- Sometimes fungal infection of scalp mimics like psoriasis of scalp or seborrheic dermatitis.
Home Remedies For Fungal Infection On Scalp
Scalp fungus infection is very difficult and stubborn infection to get cured easily. Most cases of scalp fungal infection needs to be viewed by health care professional. However, home remedies and natural cures certainly accelerate and complement the main line of treatment. Below are given some of the effective home remedies for scalp fungal treatment.
- Papaya seeds: prepare a paste from dry papaya seeds by grinding them with water. Apply the paste over the fungal scalp lesion. Let it dry and wash your hairs after one hour. You can also apply raw slice of papaya on the affected site.
- Apply tea tree oil, diluted in carrier oil such as coconut oil or olive oil. Apply it for 10 days consecutively to see the change.
- Apply paste prepared from powdered mustard seeds. Mustard seeds are equally effective in curing ringworm infection of scalp.
- Basil leaves: the juice prepared from basil leaves when applied topically on the fungal area of the scalp is found to be effective in reducing the infection to a great extent. The treatment can be used alternately with anti fungal shampoo prescribed by your doctor.
- In order to prevent re-infection or spread of infection, do not share your comb or caps with others. After using them, make sure to clean them with warm water.
- If you are having a pet at home, try to find out if the pet is infected with ringworm, and if so the pet also needs to be treated for the same.
- Apart from the above home remedies, a person can also try over the counter anti fungal medicated shampoos for getting rid of the disease.