Tonsils are lymph gland tissues, oval in shape and located at the back of the throat on both the sides. They form our first line of defense. They secrete mucous discharge which helps us to fight against bacteria and virus that enter our mouth or sinuses.
When bacteria enter our mouth and sinuses, sometimes there is increased secretion of this mucous discharge causing appearance of white-greenish spots on our tonsils. This we call as pus formation on tonsils. This is a symptom of tonsil infection. It can be treated easily with simple measures.
Associated symptoms of tonsil infection include:
- Soreness and redness of the throat.
- Tonsils are enlarged and inflamed.
- Breath may have a foul odor.
- Pain while swallowing
- Malaise and fatigue
- Fever and chills
On examination, doctor can see enlarged swollen tonsils with white grayish spots on them.
What Can Cause Pus On Tonsils?
- Tonsillitis is the most common cause of pus on tonsils. It is caused by bacteria or virus. It is characterized by sore throat, swelling of tonsils, redness and fever. Later you may see pus on tonsils. Chronic inflammation may lead to formation of tonsillolith.
- Streptococcal infection of tonsils: This is a bacterial infection of tonsils caused by streptococci. Pus is formed with sulfur based bacteria and calcareous material that is deposited on the tonsils. This infection needs to be treated promptly else it may cause secondary damage to heart valve, kidneys or lungs resulting in serious consequences.
- Tonsillar abscess: This is caused due to deep tissues getting affected surrounding the tonsils and also due to bacterial infection leading to abscess formation. Bacteria invade the deep tissues and cause cellulitis. If cellulitis is not treated promptly, pus accumulates behind the tonsils causing abscess.
Home Remedies For Pus On Tonsils
- Streptococcal infection is treated promptly with antibiotics.
- Gargles with hot salted water will help reduce inflammation. Mix half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of hot water and gargle with it. Gargling should be done at least three to four times in a day. Note that temperature of the water should be comfortable for you to bear. Avoid taking too hot water.
- Drink hot drinks. Add a piece of crushed ginger while making tea and drink ginger tea.
- Mix one teaspoon of turmeric powder in a glass of hot milk and drink it. Turmeric has anti-bacterial as well as anti-inflammatory properties.
- Take ample rest.
- Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.
- Eat healthy food to boost your immunity. Include lot of fresh vegetables, fruits and soups in your diet.
- Garlic has anti-viral properties. Add crushed garlic to boiling soup and drink it. One can also soak two cloves of garlic in yoghurt for two hours and eat them after two hours.
- Avoid too hot or too cold drinks.
- Mix one tablespoon of honey with one teaspoon of cinnamon powder and take a small part (one-fourth teaspoon) of this mixture every four hours.
- Homeopathic medicines such as Baryta carb, Belladonna are helpful in treating tonsil infections. Take them after consulting your homeopathic doctor.