Malaria is the most common mosquito borne disease in tropical and sub tropical regions. It is caused by the plasmodium species of protozoa. It mainly affects the parenchymal cells of liver and the red blood cells (RBC’s). Clinically, malaria manifests itself as fever, chills, sweating and spenomegaly (enlargement of spleen). Malaria is responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality in, the Indian subcontinent South East Asia and Africa.
Scientists were able to identify the malarial parasites way back in 1880’s. During the same period, scientist revealed that the disease is spread by mosquitoes.
A particular species of mosquito known as Anopheles mosquito is responsible for the spread of malaria and it is female anopheles which is responsible for its transmission. When an infected mosquito bites a human host for a blood meal, the parasites are injected into the blood stream where they multiply and spread.
People who are having weak immune system or people who are living in densely populated area with bad hygiene facilities are vulnerable to malarial infection.
Symptoms Of Malaria Fever
The incubation of malaria is 8-14 days. It is the period between the entry of parasite and manifestation of the symptoms. Following are the symptoms typically observed in malarial fever.
- Initially the patient will suffer from malaise and fatigue for one or two days.
- Headache, severe body pain and pain in limbs and back.
- Paroxysm of fever. There is high fever.
- There is sudden onset of chills and patient wants to cover himself with many layers of blankets.
- There is uncontrollable shivering.
- Hot phase follows and the temperature may rise to 103 to 104 degree Fahrenheit. This is associated with headache, flushing and speedy pulse.
- After 2 to3 hours, the fever abruptly remits even without any medicines and the patient is completely drenched with profuse sweat.
- Fever recurs after every 2 days in P. Vivax infection. Between the paroxysms, the patient feels asymptomatic and he even goes to work.
- Anemia and mild enlargement of spleen may be the only physical finding.
Some uncommon features include: diarrhea, vomiting, dry cough, stomach ache, loss of appetite.
Home Remedies For Malarial Fever Treatment
- Cinchona bark: since centuries cinchona bark is used to treat malarial fever. The bark contains natural Quinine which has been proved to kill malarial parasites. The same Quinine is now prepared in synthetic form by pharmaceutical companies.
- Grapefruit for treating malaria: Grapefruit contains Quinine like substance which blocks multiplication of malaria parasites by binding itself to the DNA of the parasite. Boil one half of grapefruit in a glass full of water. Once it is boiled strain the pulp and drink the liquid daily one time in a day.
- Cinnamon for malaria treatment: mix 1 teaspoon of cinnamon powder with 1 teaspoon of honey and a pinch of pepper. Add all the ingredients in a cupful of water and boil it for few minutes. Drink the concoction once it cools down.
- Holy basil leaves for malaria: prepare an infusion by boiling holy basil leaves. You can add a pinch of black pepper to it. The infusion should be taken in the cold stage of malarial fever.
- Ginger for malarial fever: grate a piece of fresh ginger. Add the grated ginger, 3 raisins, into a glass of water and let it boil for some time until the concoction is ready for consumption. Drink one teaspoon of the prepared liquid two times in a day.
- Chirayata herb for malaria fever: with a botanical name swertia chirata, chirayata is an effective natural herb for reducing fever, especially malarial fever.