Fever blisters are also known as cold sores. Fever blisters are caused by the virus known as herpes simplex. They may last up to ten days. It is a painful condition. Blisters may appear on gums, lips, around mouth, nose, cheeks or fingers.
Blisters are contagious till complete crust is formed. It is not a serious condition. It may cause problems in patients having low or weak immunity.
Fever blisters are caused due to infection with herpes simplex virus which has two types namely HSV 1 and HSV 2. These viruses can cause fever blisters around the mouth and on the lips.
If person uses the same utensils or razor of an infected person, one can get the infection. If one kisses the infected person or comes in contact with the saliva of an infected person, then one is at a risk of developing an infection. Virus enters the body through broken skin around the mouth or lips.
Symptoms Of Fever Blisters On Lips
Some of the common symptoms associated with fever blisters include:
- Groups of blisters can be seen on the lips and around the mouth.
- Area around the blisters appear red.
- Blisters are often painful.
- Fever and chills.
- Enlargement of lymph glands in the neck.
After few days, blisters break open and clear fluid leaks from it. Then crust is formed. Within fifteen days blisters will disappear.
Diagnosis: Diagnosis is done by local examination and medical history of the patient. Usually no test is required.
Home Remedies And Prevention Of Fever Blisters
Usually no treatment is necessary. Blisters will disappear within two weeks. Medication may be given to reduce pain. Local application of ointments or creams is considered to reduce intensity of symptoms. Herpes simplex virus remains dormant in our body once one gets infected with it.
- Avoid coming in contact with the infected person.
- Do not kiss the affected person.
- Do not share patient’s utensils or food.
- Once person gets infected with herpes simplex virus, he must take few precautions to reduce the number of attacks.
- To improve immunity, one must take a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals. Diet rich in proteins will help repair cell damage. Vitamin C will guard you from viral infection. Include citrus fruits such as gooseberry, lemon and orange in your diet. Drink plenty of water.
- Fever blisters are aggravated by exposure to sunlight. Avoid long exposure to sun rays. Use sunscreen lotion before stepping out in the sun.
- If you are suffering from fever blisters, do not touch your sores. This will prevent it from spreading to other body parts. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water.
- Apply ice on the blisters as soon as you notice tingling pain on the lips. It may prevent blister formation.
- Avoid getting stressed. Practice relaxation techniques.
- Homeopathy may help you get rid of herpes infection and prevent recurrence.
- Local application of pure aloe vera gel may help.
- Local application of calamine lotion helps. If necessary, antiviral medications may be taken after consulting your doctor.