Demodex mange are parasitic mites, they are tiny microorganisms that live on skin and in the hair follicle in animals and sometimes in humans. In humans this tiny mites live without causing any symptoms most of the time. They live on oil produced by the oil glands.
In most cases demodex mange affect the face. They live on facial surface and therefore they are also called facial mites. You may not know about this mite if your immune system is healthy. It keeps the demodex mange under control.
Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis are two parasitic mites which are present in humans.
While demodex folliculorum is present inside the hair follicle, demodex brevis is usually found in the oil gland near the hair follicle. Primarily both the mites reside on the face, near the nasal area, eyebrows and eyelashes. As they are able to crawl, these mites may also infest in other areas of the body. The mites crawl at night and in dark as they avoid light.
Signs And Symptoms Of Demodectic Mange In Humans
Usually demodex mange remains symptomless in most cases. This is because of healthy immune system which does not allow it to multiply. However, when the immune system weakens due to several reasons such as old age, chronic illness, unhealthy diet, unhygienic practices etc the mites starts multiplying. Uncontrolled growth of this parasite is called demodicosis.
Demodex mange is found commonly in old people, probably due to their low immune system. Half of them are found in adults.
In majority of cases demodex mange in humans remain asymptomatic. But sometime, especially due to low immune system the mite may manifest itching and inflammation. It can cause mild rash on the skin surface. If demodex mange involves eyelashes it results into a condition called blepheritis. In few situations, demodex mange is blamed to cause rosacea and other forms of dermatitis.
Home Treatment For Demodex Mange In Humans
There are many ways to eradicate demodex mange infestation from human body. Conventional treatment includes prescription creams and oral medicines especially antibiotics. The cream and lotion prescribed by the doctor penetrates deep inside the hair follicle killing the mite.
Home remedies are useful as they can be applied for a longer duration without any untoward side effects.
- Vitamin E oil is considered to be an effective home remedy for relieving itch and inflammation caused in few instances of demodex mange. Applying fish oil is also helpful as it can penetrate deep as well as it can kill the germs.
- Garlic which contains sulfur in natural form helps to kill demodex parasite. Boil few cloves of garlic in any vegetable oil such as olive oil or coconut oil. Collect the cool oil in a bottle and apply it topically on the rash to reduce the chance of secondary bacterial infection. Sulphur present in garlic acts upon demodex mange also.