Sexually transmitted diseases as the name suggest, are invariably contracted during sexual intercourse with an infected person. Gonorrhea is the most common sexually transmitted disease after Chlamydia infection in United States, and in other parts of the world. The disease Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium. It infects the mucous membrane of the genitourinary tract, especially the urethra in males and females. It also invades the cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes in females. Occasionally anal canal, rectum, the throat and eyes may also be infected with gonococcus gram negative bacteria.
Common Causes of Gonorrhea
- The causative organism of gonorrhea is a gram negative gonococci bacterium.
- It is highly infectious organism.
- The bacteria grow and survive in warm and moist area inside the penis, vagina, mouth, anus, cervix and fallopian tubes.
- Gonorrhea is spread through sexual contact with an infected person.
- It can also affect the eyes of an infant born of infected mother during delivery, the disease is known as Opthalmia neonatorum.
- The risk increases in persons who often change partners. Gonorrhea is more prevalent among sexually active teenagers and young adults and homosexuals, though the disease can affect any sexually active individual.
Symptoms to Notice in Gonorrhea
The symptoms of gonorrhea generally appear 3 to 10 days after the exposure.
In males the infection starts in the anterior part of the urethra which can spread upwards to the prostate, in the bladder and the testicles. Extreme burning and painful urination with white or yellow discharge from the urethra, with frequency and urgency are the early signs and symptoms of gonorrhea.
In women the infection is mainly in the urethra, the cervix, and the bartholin glands of vagina. At the onset there may be burning urination, increased frequency of urination, increased vaginal discharge, and red swelling of vulva. Many times the symptoms may be trivial and may pass unnoticed, or they may be mistaken for non specific vaginal or bladder infection. When the disease spreads unchecked further upwards it can cause severe pain in pelvis and pain in lower abdomen. It can lead to cervicitis and acute inflammation of fallopian tube (salpingitis).
The infant born to an infected mother can develop profuse yellowish (Purulent) discharge from the eyes. The disease can damage his eyesight. The condition is known as Opthalmia Neonatorum. It is now very rare in developed countries.
Infection in anus may present with symptoms of itching in anus, discharge from anus, soreness and bleeding. The bowel movements are painful.
It can cause painful swelling of joints; acute or chronic arthritis.
Can Home Remedies Treat Gonorrhea?
As gonorrhea is very difficult to diagnose on your own, a sexually active individual especially having multiple partners should consult his physician, when there is burning urination with discharge of pus in the urine and with a recent history of exposure. The doctor will examine and collect the discharge for microscopic examination and culture.
With invention of antibiotics, gonorrhea can be completely treated. However, there may be super-added bacterial infections of genitourinary tract where home remedies have proved effective. One such useful home remedy is Yogurt. Yogurt effectively treats additional trichomonas vaginalis infection commonly present in women. A tampon dipped in yogurt can be placed in the vagina; the good bacteria present in yogurt can neutralize the harmful bacteria and reduce the symptoms effectively. Remember to remove the tampon after few hours.
Since garlic has antibacterial properties a person can consume garlic added in regular food preparations.
Avoid multiple sexual partners, use condoms during sexual intercourse, avoid anal intercourse and maintain personal hygiene in order to prevent gonorrhea.