Plantar Fasciitis is a condition which is associated with severe pain under the heel of the foot and is attributed to the overuse of the arch tendon. While the condition can affect individuals of any age, there are certain causative factors associated with plantar fasciitis. This article provides information about the symptoms, causes and treatment to cure plantar fasciitis using simple home based therapies.
It is often misnomer as the heels spur, however a heel spur is technically a different condition. In principle, plantar fasciitis is an inflammatory condition which affects the plantar fascia located under the heel.
Conventionally it was believed that Inflammation of the fascia results in the symptoms of pain and swelling, however absence of inflammatory cells in the fascia have indicated that plantar fasciitis is caused primarily due to degeneration of collagen fibers, that are connected to the calcaneus or the heel bone.
Plantar Fasciitis Causes
Here are some common causes associated with plantar fasciitis,
- Plantar fasciitis is a sports injury which is associated with extra pronation of the ankle joint especially while running or jumping. Over-pronation results in stretching of the fibers within the fascia.
- Very tight calf muscles can lead to high velocity pronation of the foot which in turn leads to overstretching of the fascia. Repeated overstretching leads to thickening of the fascia and makes it weaker and less flexible.
- High arched feet or other form of biomechanical abnormalities can also increase the risk of plantar fasciitis.
- Faulty footwear which doesn’t provide adequate support to the arch of the foot can also result in plantar fasciitis. Obesity is considered to be a high risk factor for the development of this condition.
Plantar Fasciitis Symptoms
The primary symptom of plantar fasciitis is pain under the heel on the inner aspect along the attachment of the fascia. The pain is usually aggravated in the morning and reduces as one move around. Often the pain worsens as the day progresses, due to increased level of activities.
Occasionally the pain may be associated with tingling numbness, swelling and burning sensation in the feet.
How to Cure Plantar Fasciitis
A multidisciplinary approach is crucial in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Here are some simple home remedies and natural treatment options for the management of plantar fasciitis,
- Adequate rest is very important in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Local application of ice can help reduce the pain and inflammation and also alleviate other symptoms like tingling and numbness.
- Regular plantar fasciitis exercises can be beneficial in treatment of the condition. These exercises are aimed at strengthening the fascia and eventually reduce the amount of stress on the fascia.
- Homeopathic medicines Bryonia and Rhus Tox are very useful in treatment of plantar fasciitis. Alternatively consuming these medicines through the day for about three times can help alleviate the symptoms within a weeks’ time.
Using taping techniques or using night splints may be recommended in cases associated with severe pain. However exercise regimen is important in order to prevent recurrence of the condition.