The nose contains many small blood vessels. Nosebleed happens when blood oozes out from the tissue lining of the nose. There are two types of nosebleed– the anterior and posterior nosebleed. Anterior nosebleeds make up the bulk of all nosebleeds and come from a blood vessel running through the front part of the nose. It is less complicated and can be checked with right measures.
Posterior nosebleeds are much rare. This type of nose bleed afflicts the elderly most. It happens from an artery in the back of the nose and is difficult to control.
What Are The Most Common Causes Of Nosebleeds?
The most common cause of nose bleed is trauma to the nose. Trauma can happen outside the nose when it receives a fatal blow or inside the nose caused by nasty nose picking or ceaseless irritation from a cold.
Nose bleed can also happen for a larger malaise such as the inability of the blood to clot. This can be triggered by certain blood-thinning drugs or due to prolonged liver disease.
Nosebleed may also occur because of high blood pressure, though this may not be the only reason for the bleeding. Other reasons include, deviated septum, chemical irritants, over use of decongestant nasal sprays, allergies and extreme cold climate.
Repeated nosebleeds may be a symptom of a tumor of the nose or sinuses.
How Do You Stop Bleeding From Nose?
Bleeding of nose is a reversible process and can be stopped by following this process:
- Sit straight with your head tipped slightly forward. This prevents the blood to run into your throat leading to stomach irritation and vomiting. If some blood does flow back into your throat, spit out the blood immediately.
- As nosebleeds mostly occur in the soft part of the nose, you can shut your nose by pinching the soft part with your thumb and forefinger.
- Applying ice pack to the nose is also known to be a very effective treatment. The subzero temperature constricts the blood vessels and helps to check the bleeding.
Once the bleeding stops, you need to take some rest, preferably for a few hours. If the bleeding doesn’t stop then it is the time for you to consult a physician.