Circulation in body depends upon how healthy the arteries and the veins are, which have the primary responsibility to carry blood to different organs in the body. Poor circulation in the legs is often associated with conditions that affect the arteries and veins of the legs. Poor circulation in the lower extremities is associated with symptoms ranging from pain in the legs to systemic symptoms like headache and shortness of breath.
The treatment of the condition would eventually depend upon the underlying cause of the condition and hence early diagnosis of poor circulation in legs plays a crucial role in the treatment.
What Causes Poor Circulation In Legs?
There are a host of factors that are linked with poor circulation in legs. Most of these causes are influenced by the lifestyle and personality of the individual,
- Smoking is associated with risk of poor circulation in legs.
- Deep Vein thrombosis, also referred to as economy class syndrome, may contribute to poor circulation in legs, especially among frequent flyers.
- Endocrinal disorders like diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease are also linked with poor circulation in legs.
- Excessive weight gain and poor dietary habits are also linked with poor circulation.
- High cholesterol levels, heart disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis and thrombophlebitis can all lead to vascular insufficiency in the legs.
- Respiratory disorders like asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis, emphysema, etc can also lead to poor circulation.
- Pregnancy, Anemia and food allergies are also associated with poor circulation in legs.
Signs And Symptoms Of Poor Circulation In Legs
Some of the signs and symptoms associated with poor circulation in the legs include the following,
- The appearance of the skin may change, especially depending upon the problem. With altered arterial supply, the skin may become dry, cracked, scaly and the nails may lose their shine and don’t grow normally.
- Pain in legs is another common sign of poor circulation in legs. Also referred to as intermittent claudication, the pain increases on exertion and reduces when one relaxes. As the condition advances, pain continues on rest.
- Dermatitis and ulcers may be seen due to poor circulation in legs. Ulcers are frequently observed in case of varicose veins, while dermatitis may be observed in other causes of poor circulation in the legs.
Home Remedies For Poor Circulation In Feet And Legs
Dietary and lifestyle modifications can help improve circulation in the legs. Here are a few important tips,
- Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet. These foods are loaded with bioflavonoids and promote blood flow by strengthening the blood vessels. Further they are loaded with anti-oxidants, which prevent formation of plaques and help fight atherosclerosis.
- Include nuts to boost blood circulation. Nuts like almond, cashew, etc are loaded with vitamin B3 which is good for blood circulation
- Garlic is also considered beneficial to promote circulation. Onions are known to aid in thinning the blood and thereby promote blood circulation
- Avoid smoking. Avoid Trans-fats and food cooked in saturated oils.
- Regular exercises also play a vital role in improving blood circulation and fighting poor circulation.