What Causes High Pulse Rate? Its Symptoms And Home Remedies

High pulse rate is the consequence of abnormal rapid heartbeats. Normally after doing exercise you may find increase in the pulse rate and after a period of rest the pulse rate comes to its normal range. This is normal physiological process. However, if the pulse rate remains continuously high without doing any exercise or strenuous physical work it is the time to seek medical advice.

High pulse rate in medical terminology is called tachycardia. It occurs when the heart beats faster than normal. One pulse is equal to one heart beat. Pulse can be felt in any artery which is near to the skin surface.

It can be felt easily in wrist, neck and top of the feet. You can feel the pulse by keeping tip of first three fingers on the artery. The normal range of pulse at rest is 60 to 100 beats per minutes (BPM). Pulse rate above 100 BPM is considered high. It also means the heart is beating fast.

There are several reasons for fast pulse rate. Most of them are not long lasting nor are they a cause of concern. Fever, Stress, anxiety, exercise, strenuous work, drinking too much of tea and coffee, cigarette smoking, drinking too much of alcohol, eating too much of salt, living sedentary life style are few reasons for rapid pulse rate.

Correcting the lifestyle usually brings back the pulse rate in the normal range. However, there are many medical reasons which are also responsible for high pulse rate. These conditions include high blood pressure, thyroid disease, coronary heart disease, bronchitis, asthma etc. High pulse rate in such cases remains persistent unless you take medications.

Symptoms Of High Pulse Rate

Let us know the symptoms of high pulse rate, as it will be helpful to seek medical attention when needed.

When the heart is beating faster and the pulse rate is high, all the organs of the body may not get sufficient blood supply.

These organs and tissues may be deprived of the vital oxygen from the blood. It may give rise to symptoms such as;

  • Dizziness and weakness: this is because the brain cells may not get sufficient oxygen.
  • Breathing difficulty and shortness of breath is another symptom which is associated with high pulse rate.
  • The patient may feel lightheadedness.
  • Palpitation or fluttering in the chest can be experienced by the patient.
  • Fainting episodes are common with too high pulse rate.
  • Pain in nape of neck.
  • Unilateral sensory loss.

Home Remedies For High Pulse Rate

If you are feeling dizzy, if you feel your heart is fluttering, if the sensation on one side of the body is diminished or if you are having chest pain and nausea with feeling of breathlessness and lightheadedness, you should seek immediate medical treatment.

In some cases the only presenting symptom is high pulse rate without any other significant abnormal findings. Such cases of temporary fast pulse rate can be due to over indulgence of alcohol, tea or coffee, or too much of stress etc. You can try home remedies in such cases.

  • Relaxation: if the cause is stress and strain, relieving it by practicing yoga and meditation is an effective way to lower high pulse rate.
  • Sleeping for eight hour daily and taking enough rest can reduce the high pulse rate. Both are essential for rejuvenating mind and body.
  • Music brings lot of peace and serenity to mind. Many great preachers have suggested hearing music and chirping of birds in the morning as it calms the stressful mind. It helps to bring down the bounding rapid pulse.
  • Salt: reduce salt in your diet. Avoid eating processed foods as they contain lot of salt.
  • Drink fresh fruit and vegetable juices such as carrot juice, beat juice, etc.
  • Drink orange or lemon juice regularly. See that the juice is freshly prepared and does not contain added salt.
  • Cut back cigarettes, alcohol, too much of caffeinated drinks etc.

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