Facts Regarding the Pain in Shin Bone
Below are some facts regarding pain in the shin bone that is brought about by fractures.
- The tibia or the shin is surrounded by very thin skin and subcutaneous tissues which makes it very susceptible to injuries.
- Fractures of the shin bone or the tibia generally involves the tibial plafond, tibial shaft, proximal tibia, tibial plateau, tibila tubercle, and the tibial eminence.
- Repair or treatment will generally consider such factors as location of the fracture, alignment of the fracture, displacement of the fracture, associated injuries, condition of the soft tissue around the affected area, and general health of the patient.
- Casting is a common repair method for shins that are not extremely displaced and are well aligned.
- IM or intramedullary rodding is a procedure that places a metal rod at the central part of the tibia to align the bone. These rods are secured by screws. This is a surgical procedure that is done under general anesthesia and takes around one to two hours.
- External fixator is used for severe cases or on open fractures which works by providing splendid immobilization to the affected area. Internal and limited internal fixators are also used and help those patients that have some soft tissue concerns.
- Most of the treatment options that are available are accompanied by surgery.
Pain and Tenderness in Shin Bones
- Commonly known as shin splints and is considered as a symptom of increased pain in front of the tibia bone or the shin.
- This is caused by medial tibial stress syndrome, stress fractures, and exercise induced compartment syndrome. Medial tibial stress syndrome occurs when the overuse of the shin bones cause an irritation to the tendons that are attached to these bones. Stress fractures involve a fracture or a broken bone that is caused by accidents. Exercise induced compartment syndrome causes severe pain and often limits the activity level of patients that have it.
- Other causes include having tight calf muscles, doing strenuous activities on hard surfaces, wearing of improper footwear, and excessive rotation of the hips.
- Overpronation contributes in the pain and is characterized by over flattening of the feet when pressure is applied.
- Dull and aching type of pain is usually experienced along with swelling.
- The pain and its accompanying symptoms increase during resisted planter flexion or when the feet are pushed down against a resistance.
- Treatment includes application of ice packs, taking in anti-inflammatory medication, and doing low-impact rehabilitative exercises like swimming. Athletes that feel these symptoms should immediately decrease training, use crutches to take pressure off, do stretching exercises, and having adequate rest.
- Overpronation can be remedied with the use of orthotic insoles.
- When symptoms are left untreated or not managed well it can lead to serious damage which will need surgical procedures.