Lump On Back Of Neck: Causes, Symptoms And How To Treat It?

Neck lumps may be a bump / lump / swelling; some are painful and others do not produce any pain until you press it. Some lumps remain the same size, whilst some grow. Most neck lumps are harmless, but there are some which may be malignant.

The neck lump is seen as a localized welling and enlargement, or an abnormal protrusion of the skin. The lump may be painless or painful. Neck stiffness may be present.

Causes And Symptoms Of Lump On Back Of Neck

  • A lump on the neck could be a lipoma.
    These move easily when pressure is applied. It is painless and has a dough-like consistency. This neck lump isn’t cancer and treatment may not be required at all.
  • A neck lump could be a sebaceous cyst. It is fairly common in teenagers. They can be moved, grow slowly, and are felt beneath the skin.
  • Tonsillitis is a very common cause. The tonsils get inflamed and swollen and may sometimes produce a lump in the neck area.
  • Injury / trauma to muscles are also known to result in lumps or bumps in the neck.
  • If the salivary glands get inflamed and swollen, they produce neck lumps. In case the glands get infected, they can cause swelling to occur in the area in front of the ears, below the jaw.
  • Thyroid disorders are also seen as a lump or bump in the neck region. You need to get the thyroid hormone profile done as well as get a thyroid scan.
  • The lymph nodes could swell and manifest as a lump in the neck. The lymphatic system comprises of lymph nodes, tonsils, spleen, and thymus. The body has hundreds of lymph nodes which filter out bacteria, viruses and other toxins. Occasionally, a lump in the neck is often an enlarged lymph node.
    A lymph node swells when it traps bacteria. When pressed, the node feels painful. Once the body eliminates the infection, the swollen lymph nodes come back to normal size. Common causes of enlarged lymph nodes are – tonsillitis, teeth infection, abscesses, common cold, AIDS, and infectious mononucleosis.
  • Lymphoma is seen as an enlarged swelling in the neck, under an arm, or in the groin. Malignant lymph nodes feel large, rubbery and firm and may be painful or painless. The lymphoma tends to originate in the lymph nodes and then spread from one lymph node to others and may also spread to other organs outside of the lymphatic system. Leukemia is another cancer which causes inflammation and swelling in the neck area. Leukemia occurs when your bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These dysfunctional white blood cells prevent others from functioning properly.

How To Treat Lump On Back Of Neck?

  • It is very essential that you do not neglect a lump in the neck. Consult your health care provider and carry out the tests and investigations he asks you to do. Once he has ascertained the cause of the lump he will start the appropriate line of treatment.
  • Infections have to be dealt with anti-bacterial and anti-viral. Pain medications may be prescribed to handle the pain and discomfort.
  • Thyroid irregularities are managed with hormone drugs and regular follow-ups.
  • In case of muscle injury, you need NSAID’s and physiotherapy.
  • Cancer calls for surgery and radio-chemo-therapy.

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