Fluid plays the most important role in body metabolism. A severe case of low fluid in the body might lead to life-threatening conditions or even death. Fluid gets lost from the body due to reasons such as dry climate, exposure to hot conditions, perspiration, defecation, daily activity level, incessant vomiting etc.
This necessitates proper replacement of fluids in the body. Failure to replenish the stored fluids with enough water or other liquids may result in dehydration. Small deficiencies of body fluids may go unnoticed and may trigger mild health issues. But continuous low intake of fluid can lead to severe health problems.
Symptoms And Signs Of Low Fluid Intake
A basic sign of a dehydrated body is frequent thirst. A low fluid intake condition would make your urine color yellow and concentrated. As water loss from the body continues, more symptoms keep surfacing. Some apparent symptoms shown by patients in this condition include dry mouth and lips, muscle cramps, vomiting, heart palpitation and dizziness.
The sweat glands in the body stop secretion of sweat and the eyes stop tear making function, too. The urine output of the patient decreases gradually.
A severe case of low fluid intake may starve the brain and other parts of the body of blood. If immediate medical attention is not provided to the patient, the condition may lead to multi organ failure and death.
Causes Of Low Intake Of Fluids
Low fluid intake is common among people who do feel thirsty or ignore their thirst. Problem deepens when these people quench their thirst with substitutes such as coffee, soda pop or beverages containing alcohol.
Though these drinks contain water but it is not the water sought by the body. These beverages not only eliminate the water amount held in them but they also cause further loss of water from the water reserves in our body.
People who inhabit in cold regions also develop the habit of low water intake. Inability to drink water is also a possible cause of low fluid intake. Some people fail to consume adequate amount of fluid due to water scarcity, severe vomiting tendency or extreme weakness. These people run the risk of getting low fluid intake disorder.
Treatment Options For Low Fluid Intake
Basic treatment for the condition is fluid replacement. The best option for fluid replacement is intake of water and other liquids like electrolytes through mouth. In severe cases however doctors may need to inject intravenous fluid into the body which helps considerably in re-hydration. While re-hydrating, it is important to monitor urine output of the patient.
In low fluid intake condition, kidneys try to retain as much water as possible. So, urine output drops gradually. With the beginning of re-hydration therapy, kidneys again start sensing the presence of fluid within their intravascular space. It leads to gradually increased in the output of urine.
Additional medicines may be administered to cure underlying conditions like diarrhea or vomiting under medical supervision.