Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorder is a condition that affects that temporomndibular joint. Pain is one of the main symptoms of the condition and management is often geared towards controlling it.
- The TMJ is the joint found on either side of the head, just in front of the ears. It is the joint responsible for allowing people to talk, chew, and to yawn.
- The condition can be brought on by a number of causes.
- The pain can often be managed without surgery.
What are the Causes of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
There are a number of causes of a TMJ Disorder, these include:
- Trauma – the joint can be damaged following a blow or an impact.
- Erosion of the disk that cushions the movement of the joint.
- Arthritis – the condition can cause inflammation of the joint.
- Stress and Overwork – common in people who tend their teeth or habitually clench their jaw.
Who Are at Risk?
- Women who are between the ages of 30 and 50.
- People who have jaw deformities.
- Patients who have arthritis, fibromyalgia, and other conditions.
Symptoms to Look for in TMJ Disorder
Here are the symptoms of TMJ to watch out for:
- Pain or tenderness of the jaw.
- Pain felt around the ear.
- Trouble chewing
- Facial pain – the pain is an aching type of pain.
- Joint Locking – it is difficult to close or open the mouth.
- Uneven and uncomfortable bite – usually caused by premature contact between the teeth.
- Pain Medication – helps to control the pain of TMJ Disorder. Over the counter medication is the first recourse but if that does not work, patients may be prescribed stronger drugs.
- Muscle Relaxants – helps to relieve the jaw spasms.
- Corticosteroids – helps to relieve inflammation and swelling when present.
- Botulinum Toxin Injections into the Jaw – helps to relieve the pain of the condition.
- Bite Guard – helps prevent grinding or jaw clenching.
- Behavioral therapy
- Surgery – corrective treatments for jaw problems.
Home Remedies for Pain Relief from Temporomandibular Joint
Since pain is one of the main symptoms of TMJ, here are some home remedies and procedures that may be able to help with it.
- Eating soft foods – avoid food that require exertion of the jaw muscle.
- Cutting food into smaller pieces.
- Avoiding food that is too chewy.
- Keeping mouth from opening too wide when yawning.
- Hot or cold Compress – helps to relieve the pain and can also help relax the muscle.
- Deep breathing
- Guided Imagery
Other relaxation methods like Yoga may also help with relieving the pain of TMJ.