What are the Causes of Bad Smelly Urine Odor and Its Symptoms

Urine has a certain, distinct odor that is easily recognizable by the human brain. The scent of the urine depends on a number of factors but mostly on the chemicals that comprise it. Different people will have different habits and food intake so that their urine scents vary. Still, the urine smell can range from a bit sweet to foul.

Bad Urine Odor

  • There are times when a patient can experience having a bad odor in his/her urine.
  • Most of the time, this is not a life threatening medical condition. However, having a foul-smelling urine is often really a sign of an underlying medical condition that should be treated immediately.
    It could be a way for the body to tell its owner that something is wrong inside.
  • Sometimes, the patient may become immune to the smell of with his/her urine and not notice that it actually smells bad. During such cases, it might be necessary for another person to point that out to the patient as in the case of a housemate.

What are the Causes of Foul Smelling Urine

  • When the urine has a foul odor, then there could be something wrong with the patient’s kidneys, bladder, or urinary tract. The bacteria in these areas could cause the patient to produce more of certain compounds which are released in urine.
  • However, the patient must not feel alarmed immediately. There are also foods that actually cause the patient to have bad odor in their urine.
  • In fact, a lot of cases of foul urine odor are particularly harmless – especially when these happen on a few occasions only, not on a regular basis.
  • Food items that could cause the urine to have a bad odor include:
    • Asparagus
    • Coffee
    • Garlic
    • Beer
    • Curry and other spicy foods.
  • Vitamins can also cause bad odor in the urine.
  • Maple syrup urine disease, a rare inherited disorder could also be one of the reasons why patients have a foul smelling urine.
  • This bad odor may also be caused by sexually transmitted disorders.
  • Other ailments such as
    • Type 2 diabetes (Uncontrolled diabetes).
    • Cystitis
    • Acute liver failure.

Identify Symptoms of Smelly Urine

The following are some of the symptoms that patients with foul urine odor might also present:

  • Urine that smells strongly of ammonia.
  • Painful urination – this is often the case when the patient has infections along the genito-urinary tract.

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