Causes of Calf Muscle Pain or Cramps and How to Treat It?

The calf muscles are the ones located at the back of the legs. These muscles are used during walking, jogging, and any activity that uses the legs and feet. Thus, it is also prone to experiencing problems especially when too much strain is made upon them.

Calf Muscle Pain

The following are some of the symptoms of pain of the calf muscles:

  • Presence of varicose veins that also cause aching calves.
  • Torn muscle which could actually be due to complete tearing of muscle fibers.
  • Stiffness or pain when doing exercise which can be due to tearing of certain muscle fibers.
  • Cellulites or the inflammation of the skin or the subcutaneous tissues.

Calf Muscle Cramps

  • Cramping can be caused by the torn muscles. Now, these torn muscles will have a distorted movement and could be stretched by movement. Thus, the muscles suddenly become cramped.
  • Cramping of the calf muscle is not just very painful but can also cause problems in walking and movement. This is especially dangerous if the patient is swimming when the cramping occurs.
  • These cramps may appear all of a sudden, without any warning whatsoever.

What Causes Pain in Calf Muscle

The following are possible causes of pain of the calf muscles:

  • Overexertion
  • Fatigue
  • Cold weather or water conditions.
  • Dehydration
  • Deficiencies in calcium, magnesium, and minerals.
  • Excessive running on steep hills.
  • Excessive exercise
  • Excessive or improper stretching of muscles.
  • Stress
  • Sports that involve the excessive use of legs, including:
    • Soccer football
    • Rugby
    • Running or athletics
    • Long jump
    • Hurdle
    • Basketball
    • Baseball
    • Softball
    • Volleyball
    • Hockey
  • It can also be caused by certain medical conditions, including diabetes and artery disease.

How to Treat Hurting Calf Muscle

The following are possible treatment options for those who are experiencing pain of the calf muscles:

  • Rest the legs. This is not just simple resting but resting for about 1 to 2 weeks. This means no physical activity whatsoever.
  • Raise the legs and bend the feet back towards the body.
  • Elastic compression bandages can be used. These are wrapped around the calf to keep the muscles in their correct position and with the least strain on them.
  • Do slight stretching exercises for about 5 to 6 times a day. However, do not do this during the 1 to 2 weeks of complete resting.
  • Use a hot pack on the area if the patient is active in sports and exercise.

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