What Causes Blood In Stool In Adults? Its Treatment Options

Presence of blood in stools can be a cause of worry. There are different causes for blood in stools which range from hemorrhoids to more serious diseases like cancer. There are different treatment modalities to manage this condition, primarily depending upon the underlying cause. This article provides information about what to do when you experience blood in stools and the various associated causes of blood in stools in adults.

Blood in stools can be a cause of concern, but is not always associated with a serious medical condition. The nature of blood execrated in the stool can help you understand about the cause of bleeding.

Fresh blood in stools is often associated with problems in the lower part of the gastrointestinal tract like the colon or the anus.

Maroon colored stools may be associated with some form of problems located higher up into the colon. Occult blood (which is usually not visible to naked eyes but can change the color of the stools to dark brown or black) is indicative of a problem higher up in the gastrointestinal tract.

The quality of blood loss is also indicative of the seriousness of the condition. Spotting or a few drops of blood may not be a cause of concern, however excessive blood loss can lead to iron deficiency anemia and associated symptoms. Identifying the cause of blood in stools is crucial in order to understand the treatment options.

Causes Of Blood In Stool In Adults

There are several causes associated with blood in stool in adults. The nature of the blood can help you identify the probable location of the problem within the gastrointestinal tract,

  • Hemorrhoids or piles are the most common cause for blood in stools in adults. While open hemorrhoids can be visible, blind hemorrhoids may not be visible but can be diagnosed on general examination.
  • Peptic or gastric ulcers are usually associated with the presence of occult blood in stools.
  • Inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal system like Crohn’s or Ulcerative colitis may be associated with blood in stools.
  • Cancers affecting the gastrointestinal system may be associated with blood in stools. Often this condition is associated with other symptoms like bloating, loss of appetite, unexpected weight loss, etc.
  • Other less frequent causes can include worm infestations, swallowing of blood (as may be while bleeding from the nose) or sputum, etc.

Treatment Options Blood In Stool In Adults

The treatment usually depends upon the cause of bleeding in stools. Consult your physician to understand the cause and the various treatment options. Here are some simple tips that can be beneficial and should be followed in consultation with your physician,

  • Consume easily digestible foods like boiled vegetables, steamed rice, etc. Avoid meat and animal products. Avoid dairy products or trans fats which are difficult to digest.
  • Take iron supplements. This is to compensate for the loss of blood and avoid anemia.
  • Homeopathic drugs like Lycopodium and Nux Vomica are considered useful for a wide range of gastrointestinal ailments.

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