Blepharitis can be described as a chronic inflammation or infection that occurs in the eyelid. This common condition usually affects that area of the eyelid where your eyelashes grow. There are many different diseases that could cause blepharitis. While thiseye inflammation does not cause any permanent damage to the eyelid, it can be quite difficult to treat.
What Causes Inflammation of Eyelid?
Most instances of blepharitisoccur when the small oil glands near the base of the eyelashes begin to malfunction, whichleads to irritation and itching in the eyelids. The exact causes of blepharitis are still not clear, but health experts believe that the factors associated with the development of this condition include,
- Allergic reactions to eye makeup, contact lens solution or eye drops.
- Bacterial infections.
- Presence of mites or lice on the eyelashes.
- Rosacea, a skin condition characterized by redness on the face.
- Seborrheic dermatitis, characterized by dandruff of the scalp and eyebrows.
- Use of certain medication like isotretinoin for severe acne.
Very often, blepharitis occurs because of a combination of different factors. This inflammation is also liked to recurring stys and chalazia.
There are several signs and symptoms that occur as a result of blepharitis. Some of the most common symptoms include –
- Burning and gritty sensations in the eyes.
- Crusted eyelashes, especially when you wake up.
- Flaking of the skin around the eyes.
- Frequent blinking.
- Greasiness around the eyes.
- Increased sensitivity to light.
- Itchiness, redness and swelling in the eyelids.
- Loss of eyelashes.
- Misdirected eyelashes, or lashes that grow abnormally.
- Redness in the eyes.
- Sticking of the eyelids.
- Watery eyes.
The discomfort caused by the condition usually gets better by cleaning the affected area thoroughly and taking good care of it. However, if the symptoms last for a long period of time and do not get better in spite of improved hygiene, it is best to consult a doctor without any further delay.
Treatment Options for Eyelid Inflammation
The treatment for blepharitis may vary, depending upon the cause of the inflammation.In most instances, health care providers first need to treat the underlying condition that has led to blepharitis of the eye.
- Eye drops containing antibiotics, to control the infection.
- Oral or topical antibiotics.
- Eye ointments containing steroids to reduce the inflammation.
- Artificial tears to lubricate the eyes and reduce the irritation.
You could also try to control the uncomfortable symptoms with the help of simple home remedies, like,
- Applying a warm compress on the affected eyelid for several minutes.
- Rinsing the eyelid with warm water and patting it dry with a clean towel.
- Washing away the oily debris around the eye with a few drops of baby shampoo.
- Discontinuing the use of eye makeup or other products that could trigger off allergies.
Blepharitis treatment is generally an ongoing procedure. This is because the condition does not really disappear completely. Relapses are very common even when the treatment is successful.