What are the Symptoms of Eye Injury and Ways to Treat It?

Following are the Symptoms of Eye Injury

Symptoms of an eye injury may vary depending upon the cause of the injury itself. Generally, symptoms may include any of the following:

  • Eye pain
  • Eye sensitivity to light.
  • Sensation that something is in the eye.
  • Swelling around the eye.
  • Drooping eyelid
  • Eye redness which can either be blood covering the white of the eye or blood covering the pupil of the eye.
  • Vision changes like blurred vision, double vision or on worst cases, loss of vision.
  • Increase in tearing of the eye.
  • Abnormal alignment of the eyes.
  • Tenderness around the eye.
  • Irregular pupil

How to Treat a Eye Injury

Treatment of eye injuries mostly depends on the extent of the eye damage.

For treatment of minor injuries, the following are usually performed:

  • If it is a cut on the eyelid, applying a sterile bandage or cloth is used to protect the area. Keep it clean and dry.
  • Reduce swelling by applying cold compress for 15 minutes 3 to 4 times a day during the first 48 hours after the injury. After the swelling goes down, a warm compress may help relieve the pain.
  • Keep head elevated to help reduce swelling.
  • Over-the-counter pain medications can be taken to relieve pain.

On the other hand, for severe eye injuries like blunt traumas or penetrating eye injuries and abrasions, seeing an eye care practitioner is the best course of action. Any treatment from thereof will be done by the medical team.

Common Causes of Eye Injury

There are several reasons why an eye injury occurs. Eye injuries can be deep while some are only minor scratches but even so, eye injuries must be treated with as an emergency. Some of the most common causes of eye injury are as follows:

  • Corneal Abrasion (Scratched Eye): This is caused by getting poked in the eyes or rubbing the eye when a foreign body such as dust or sand, is present.
  • Penetrating or Foreign Objects in the Eye: It is having objects such as metal or pencil lead penetrating the eye.
    This is considered an emergency case.
  • Chemical Burn: Getting splashed or sprayed in the eye with chemical substances that causes a burning or stinging sensation. Medical help must be sought immediately.
  • Blunt trauma: Can be caused by being struck in the eye by a ball causing a bruise or in fist fights.

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