Nasal congestion is a term that refers to obstruction of airflow to and from the nasal passages. It occurs due to inflammation of membranes lining the nasal passages and sinuses. Nasal congestion is mostly induced by common cold and influenza and is accompanied with some minor symptoms. These symptoms mostly clear away in a couple of days.
However, if your stuffy nose is caused by inflammation of the sinuses, it may accompany other symptoms like constant pressure and throbbing pain on the face and surrounding regions. These are classic symptoms of sinusitis which is a major trigger of stuffy nose.
Symptoms Of Nasal Congestion
- Stuffiness inside the nasal passage is the prime symptom of nasal congestion. Other important symptom of this health condition is sinus pressure.
- If the nasal congestion is caused by chronic sinusitis, your sinus cavities will attract mucus buildup due to allergy. It may result in either sinus pain or sinus pressure.
- Most often, nasal congestion also causes sneezing. The uncontrollable sneezing often becomes so severe that it starts interfering with ordinary works.
- Nasal congestion that is mostly triggered by allergy may also cause itchy eyes, a condition which usually does not pose serious threat to vision.
- Nasal congestion often leads to postnasal drip that is mucus secretion from the back of the nasal cavity into nasopharynx. Postnasal drip often makes the patient feel as if there is a lump in the throat. It may also cause irritation and pain in the throat.
What Are The Causes Of Nasal Congestion?
Nose can be clogged due to any of common ailments like cold, viral or allergic flu and sinus infections. These conditions usually get better in a week. However, nasal blockage can also be caused by many underlying diseases like hay fever, pollen allergy, chronic sinusitis and chemical exposure.
In some people stuffy nose is indicative of underlying conditions such as nasal polyp (vascular growth that occurs at the surface of the mucus membrane), nasal tumor and deviated septum (unusual dislodgement of the wall that separates the two chambers in the nasal cavity).
Nasal congestion may also take place during pregnancy. Expecting women may experience stuffy nose towards the end of trimester mainly due to increased blood supply and hormonal imbalance. These fluctuations cause swelling to their nasal membranes, resulting in congestion.
Home Remedies To Clear Nasal Congestion
You can help reduce nasal congestion induced discomfort with the help of natural home remedies successfully.
- Steam inhalation therapy that serves as a natural expectorant can show immediate result by easing your stuffed nose. Before inhaling the steam, you can also add a little amount of crushed carom seeds or a few drops of peppermint oil to the boiled water.
- You can also treat your clogged nose with the help of nasal irrigation using saline solution. This therapy will allow you to wash away mucus and other irritants from nasal passages.
You can also help your nasal congestion condition by using eucalyptus essential oil. Put a few drops of eucalyptus oil on a clean handkerchief and breathe in the aroma. Its anti-inflammatory and decongestant properties are known to treat stuffy nose effectively.