Inflammatory bowel disease refers to a medical condition that causes inflammation of the intestinal muscles. In most cases it is found that reaction of the intestinal muscles against the immune system of an individual leads to this health problem. Inflammatory bowel disease can be of two types, one is the Crohn’s disease while the other is the ulcerative colitis.
Crohn’s disease can affect any section of the gastrointestinal tract from anus to mouth while ulcerative colitis remains restricted to the large intestine or colon. The symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease do not remain the same every time.
Symptoms Of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
The symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease do not remain constant. The symptoms are proportionate to the severity of inflammation of the intestinal tract. Abdominal pain and cramping are the most common symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease. Apart from that, patients can also get diarrhea.
Presence of blood in the stool is also common in many people. Excess blood loss from stool can also cause iron deficiency in some people. Some people find it impossible to contain their bowel movement and may let it out before reaching the rest room.
If the condition is not treated for a long the afflicted person may experience loss of appetite and weight. If the condition worsens people may even get fever.
Causes Of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Though inflammatory bowel disease is a widely prevalent disease, researchers are yet to detect the appropriate cause for this condition. Some people get this disease due to viruses, bacteria or even antigens; while there are others who contract it after a combination of the above mentioned agents affect their immune system.
In some cases, patients have got this disease after the body tissues start creating autoimmune response.
Treatment Options For Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Like the cause, there is no specific medical treatment available to cure inflammatory bowel disease. Treatment is generally specified depending on the symptoms of the patients as well as on the type of the disease. If the condition is not treated medically, patients may have to undergo surgery for healing.
Inflammatory bowel disease can be treated to some great extent by changing the lifestyle and making use of some home remedies.
- Though there is no specific diet for healing this condition, eating vegetables and fruits sufficiently can help in checking its spread.
- Soaking the rectal area for 15 minutes in a tub of lukewarm water can help in curing the inflammation. Yet, it should be repeated for at least thrice a day for three weeks. Wiping the area using a soft towel is also necessary.
- Inflammation can also be relieved by applying a compress of pomegranate juice and ice pack in the anus area.
- People suffering from Crohn’s disease can practice mild exercises to reduce stress and normalize bowel function.