Dietary Treatment For Polycystic Kidney Disease Patients

We all know there are two bean shaped kidneys in human beings. They lie on the posterior of the abdomen, on either side of the spine. Kidney is vital excretory organ in our body. The waste material that remains after the digestion of food and fluids is eliminated by the kidneys. Besides, kidney also secretes certain hormones that regulate your blood pressure. It also regulates water and electrolyte content of the body.

Any harm to your kidneys or kidney disease can have grave consequence on your health. The waste material cannot be excreted as it should be.

Normal acid base equilibrium of the blood is affected. Since the diseased kidneys are not able to expel the waste, it is logical to prevent the formation of waste products as little as possible by modifying your diet and fluids. Specific diet plan and elimination of certain foods from the diet will help to reduce the load on kidneys and delay its deterioration.

Polycystic kidney disease is one such disease that has no cure. In this kidney disorder, there are number of cysts inside the kidney. The cysts are present in both the kidneys. Cysts are noncancerous sacs filled with jelly like fluid. You can imagine a bunch of grapes (cysts) lying throughout the kidney. Polycystic kidney disease is inherited kidney disease; this chronic condition can ultimately cause kidney failure, where patient may require dialysis. High blood pressure, kidney pain and repeated kidney infection are its main symptoms.

Low Protein Diet For Polycystic Kidney Disease

In absence of its specific cure, polycystic kidney disease diet plan has proven to delay further damage to the kidneys.

Here is a polycystic kidney disease diet plan that can reduce the fast progression of the disease:

Low protein diet: when protein is metabolized by the liver, it leaves a waste product called urea.

In a normal person, urea is expelled by kidneys, in polycystic kidney disease the kidney function is hampered and urea starts accumulating which is harmful for the body. If you reduce protein diet, it will put less strain on the diseased kidneys. Traditionally, people suffering from PKD take proteins (in grams) proportional to their weight in kilograms. Meaning, a person weighing 50 kg, has to limit his protein intake to 50 Gms. Eat less of beans and peas, meat, cheese, egg, milk, seafood. Instead use foods that have less protein such as vegetables, grains and cereals. For extra calorie requirement, a person can include healthy fats in his diet such as avocados, olive oil etc.

Polycystic Kidney Disease Dietary Treatment

  • Balance sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium: many patients of PKD develop high blood pressure; this is due to excess of sodium retention. Kidney balance the right amount of electrolytes in the body, but since it is not functioning at its optimum, there may be imbalance in sodium, potassium, calcium level. Eat less amount of sodium containing food such as ketchups and sauces, processed meat, soups and canned vegetables, pickled foods such as olives and sauerkraut. Even restrict eating ham, bacon, and smoked foods.
  • Eat fruits and vegetables: they contain vitamins and antioxidants and plant protein. They help to reduce the growth of kidney cysts. They are useful in lowering the blood pressure.
  • Eat Vegetables, fruits and grains that contain fiber: eating foods rich in fibers fights against insulin resistance. Increase of insulin is known to enhance the progression of polycystic kidney disease. Therefore eat foods that are rich in fibers such as vegetables, fruits, grains etc.
  • Also avoid tea, coffee, colas, and chocolates etc that contain caffeine. Alcohol should be avoided.

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