Newborn babies develop acne on cheeks, nose and forehead. This condition is called as baby acne. It is a very common condition. Most of the times it gets better without any treatment. One need not worry as this is a temporary condition. Baby acne looks similar to teenage acne. Baby acne may linger for many months.
Infant gets affected with baby acne during first three to four weeks. It is characterized by appearance of small red papules or pustules on baby’s face. Sometimes white bumps called milia are seen on baby’s face.
Diagnosis is done by visual inspection.
What Are The Causes Of Acne In Babies?
The exact cause of baby acne is not known. Acne occur when the hair follicle is blocked due to excessive secretion of sebum and accumulation of dead skin tissue in the hair follicle.
- One hypothesis is that baby acne occur due to hormones that baby receives from mother at the end of the pregnancy. Due to these hormones baby’s sebaceous glands may get stimulated and produce more sebum resulting in oily skin.
- Another hypothesis says that certain medication that mother must be taking during nursing or medication given to baby may cause baby acne.
- Baby acne can be aggravated by milk or spit up coming in contact with skin. Rough fabric or clothes washed with strong detergents may cause irritation of the skin and cause acne.
- Sometimes baby acne can develop after viral fevers.
Home Remedies To Treat Baby Acne On Face
Usually no treatment is required for baby acne. Leave it alone and defense mechanism of baby will take care of it. If acne last longer up to few months then doctor may advise medicated cream for local application. Always consult your doctor before buying any cream for baby acne.
- Keep your baby’s face clean. Wash baby’s face with mild baby soap at least twice a day. Gently pat dry baby’s face with soft fabric.
- Do not squeeze acne as it may lead to secondary infection.
- Avoid oil massage on face as oil will irritate the acne and may make it worse.
- Use soft fabric for babies.
- Wash baby’s clothes with mild detergent.
- Wipe the saliva or spit up milk immediately with soft fabric to keep baby’s face clean.
- Apply breast milk on affected area. Keep it for fifteen minutes and then wash face with warm water.
- Breast feeding mothers may include lot of fresh vegetables and fruits in their diet.
- Boil half cup of Margosa (azadirachta indica) leaves in one cup of water for few minutes. Remove the leaves from the water and let the water cool down to room temperature. Apply this water on acne with the help of cotton ball. Keep it for ten minutes and rinse the face with cool water.
- Mix one teaspoon of honey and one fourth teaspoon of lemon juice and apply the mixture on acne. Leave it for ten minutes and wash the face with warm water.
Remember that baby’s skin is very delicate. Consult your doctor before trying any home remedy as home remedies are not clinically tested.