What Causes Numbness In Fingers? Symptoms, Treatment And Exercises

Numbness in fingers or hands is felt as a loss of sensation or tingling in the fingers. This occurs due to compression of nerves that travel through the arms to the hands and fingers. There could be some serious underlying conditions such as brain haemorrhage or myocardial infarction which may cause such subtle symptoms. Hence as a safer option, one must consult the doctor immediately when one notices numbness in fingers.

Causes Of Numbness In Fingers

  • Cervical spondylosis: Herniation of disc in cervical region may compress the nerve.
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Person suffering from diabetes, kidney disease or neurological disorder may develop progressive peripheral neuropathy.
  • Ganglion cyst: These are non-malignant fluid filled lumps that occur along the tendons of wrist.
  • Brachial plexus carries signals from the spine to the arms and fingers. Injury to brachial plexus can cause numbness in fingers.
  • Tumors which may compress the nerve.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Ulnar nerve compression
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Lyme disease
  • Alcoholism
  • Amyloidosis
  • Syphilis
  • Syringomyelia
  • Cerebral stroke
  • HIV

Symptoms Of Numbness In Fingers

Patient will complain of lack of sensation or reduced sensation. There may be burning sensation in the hands. Grip will be weakened. Patient may get injured lifting hot things due to lack of sensation. Patient drops things frequently. If numbness is due to underlying conditions, then numbness will be associated with other symptoms of disease.

One must consult a doctor if numbness is increasing progressively, spreads to other parts of the body or both sides of body. If certain movements are causing numbness, one must report to a doctor.

If numbness starts suddenly and if it is associated with muscle weakness, paralysis, sudden severe headache, vomiting and dizziness, one must call for emergency medical care. Hospitalization is necessary to carry out tests and reach accurate diagnosis. Prompt treatment will not only save the patient’s life but will prevent further damage.

Treatment And Exercises For Numbness In Fingers

  • Patient suffering from cerebral stroke needs emergency treatment. Intravenous injection through drip is given to dissolve the clot and prevent further damage. Patient is kept under observation.
  • Cervical traction may be given to the patients who suffer from cervical spondylosis. Neck exercises and upper body exercises are prescribed to strengthen the neck muscles.
  • If numbness is due to vitamin B12 deficiency, vitamin supplements can be taken after consulting your doctor.
  • Dipping hands alternately in warm and cold water may give some temporary relief in mild cases.
  • Hand exercises are given with rubber ball to improve overall function and muscle power.
  • Avoid repetitive movements that may be causing numbness in the fingers.
  • Avoid sitting or standing in any position for a long time that may cause numbness or nerve compression.
  • Take proper treatment for ailments such as diabetes or kidney diseases.
  • Keep your blood pressure under control by regular check up.
  • Rub your hands against each other for a few seconds vigorously. This improves the energy flow, circulation and may improve your symptoms.
  • Avoid alcohol abuse.

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