As the name suggests, dust-mite allergy is an allergic reaction to tiny bugs, present in dust found on the streets or inside our homes. Daily we have to come across such mites in abundance. However, not all of us develop this allergy. The people, whose immune system reacts to the mites and starts producing anti-bodies to combat with the condition, only get this kind of allergic reactions.
Patients who complain of dust-mite allergies are recommended to stay away from dust and dirt. Though dust-mite allergies are quite common these days, there is no appropriate treatment to heal the condition.
Symptoms Of Allergic Reaction To Dust Mites
Sneezing and runny nose are the most common symptoms of dust-mite allergies. Signs marking the onset of the condition include watery eyes, reddening of eyes or itching of eyes as. Nasal congestion, itchy nose or throat, postnasal drip and even cough are other symptoms of dust-mite allergy. In extreme cases, people may also experience swollen or bluish colored skin under eyes. Children, afflicted with this disease tend to rub their nose frequently.
In case, the condition is not treated in the initial stage, patients may start finding it difficult to breathe. This may be followed by complications like pain or tightness in chest. A wheezing sound while breathing, bouts of coughing and even asthma attacks can be symptoms of severe dust-mite allergy.
In case, the affected person is exposed to the allergen for a considerable period of time, his lungs might get inflamed and he might have to be hospitalized.
What Causes Dust Mite Allergy?
Dust-mites are present in dirt and dust at home as well as in outside. It is more common in houses infested with cockroaches, as the dust in these houses contain cockroach dander or even dead skins of the insect.
People living in houses infested with molds may also get dust-mite allergy. That’s the reason why people working in mines or construction site tend to develop this disease more than others.
The disease is also triggered by pollens. Many people diagnosed with this condition are allergic toward feathers, fur or pet hairs and exposure to either can lead to this condition.
How To Treat And Prevent Dust Mite Allergy?
There is no specific treatment for dust-mite allergy. Treatment is generally based on the symptoms experienced by the patients. Medicines for treating cough and cold are prescribed for people experiencing runny nose or stuffiness. However, people whose lungs are inflamed would require asthmatic treatment.
In most cases, patients are recommended to avoid the allergens triggering the condition. People susceptible to this disease are recommended to wear mask. In case of symptoms like runny nose or sore throat, drinking green tea can be helpful.
Putting plastic airtight dust-mite covers on mattresses, pillows or box springs can also be helpful in avoiding allergies. Keeping the house and the surrounding clean is a prerequisite for avoiding dust-mite allergies. This calls for using wet rag or vacuum cleaners regularly for cleaning dusts at home.